Feature Oil & Gas

Out of OPEC, Qatar can start to market Iran’s oil to Asia, Europe (Exclusive)

After withdrawal from OPEC, Qatar can start to market Iranian oil to Asia and Europe, Sam Barden, director of the international trading and consulting company SBI Markets, told Trend Dec. 4.

This decision is a politically and economically right thing to do, he said.

“There is absolutely no benefit to Qatar to remain a member of OPEC,” he noted. “Firstly, they are a small oil producer in comparison to others in OPEC, and the time needed at the ministerial and executive level to maintain OPEC relations doesn’t match the benefit gained.”

“Qatar will and should focus on gas over oil, as gas has a much bigger future than oil globally,” he said. “Qatar, as the largest producer of LNG, is also the host of the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF), an 11 member global organization, sometimes referred to as the Gas OPEC. Given Russia is a member of the GECF, but not OPEC, and is also one of the largest procurers of gas and oil, Qatar can now deepen cooperation with Russia, and also Iran.”

“Strategically, and moving forward, this makes much more sense politically and economically, as Russia and Iran, along with China and other parts of Asia, are likely to move away from US dollar settlements and trade in an effort to remove sanctions risk,” he noted.

“Qatar can now start to market Iranian oil to Asia and Europe, and this could dramatically increase supply, or take market share from others,” he added.

“A move like this could be coordinated with Russia and China as part of the overall strategy to fund and build the Belt and Road Initiative, which is the largest infrastructure project on the planet,” he said.

Such actions will more than likely fasten the collapse of the US dollar trading system, which is a good thing for future peace and free trade in the world, Barden noted.

Banking & Insurance Feature

Bitcoin, Litecoin and LoveCoin: A Brief Overview of Cryptocurrencies

As the prices of cryptocurrencies continue their rollercoaster ride, new forms of digital currencies are emerging around the world, here’s a short list that may help you keep track of what’s what.

The rapid ascent of bitcoin in late 2017 quickly made digital currencies and blockchain technology a hot topic among businessmen, with investors scrambling to capitalize on this new phenomenon.

But while bitcoin remains probably the most famous cryptocurrency out there, its rise has also thrust a host of other digital currencies into the spotlight, some created years ago while others have launched just recently or are on the cusp of being released.

Here is a brief list of some of them.


Mining farm on the territory of a technopolis, Moscow

© SPUTNIK / VLADIMIR ASTAPKOVICHBlockchain Heaven: Russians Working on Free Crypto Zone to Win Hearts… and WalletsLate in 2017, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced his intent to create a new national cryptocurrency called ‘the petro’, with each of its tokens being backed by a barrel of crude produced in the country.
Sam Barden, head of an international commodity trading and advisory company SBI Markets, also postulated that Iran may be seeking to create a similar hydrocarbon-backed digital currency called ‘energy coin.’


In January 2018 Russian fashion model Natalia Vodianova launched her own brand of cryptocurrency called LoveCoin.
The model and charity activist’s newly developed the mobile app Elbi that makes it possible to transfer money to charity organizations and get LoveCoins in return, which may be later spent on luxury items from brands like Givenchy, Dior, Fendi or Christian Louboutin, according to media reports.


The ethereum blockchain-based network was launched in 2015. Envisioned by programmer Vitalik Buterin, it is used by several cryptocurrencies, and in 2016 the platform ended up splitting into two separate blockchains – Ethereum and Ethereum Classic. The network’s fundamental cryptocurrency token is called ‘ether’.

READ MORE: Great PC Power, Great Responsibility: Gamers Offered to Mine for Charity


Introduced in 2014, the open-sourced cryptocurrency known as Monero has a high level of privacy which sets it’s apart from other open-ledger cryptocurrencies, as one of its units can be substituted for another, and can be used to perform anonymous transactions.


An open-sourced protocol for value exchange called Stellar was established in 2014. The system was originally based on the Ripple protocol that was subjected to a number of technical modifications. The tokens used by the network are called ‘lumens’.


Originally launched in 2014, NEO is a cryptocurrency and blockchain platform that can support up to 10,000 transactions per second.


Ripple is a real-time gross settlement system designed by the eponymous company based in San Franciso and initially released in 2012; the network’s native cryptocurrency is called XRP or ‘ripples.’ Unlike Bitcoin or Monero, Ripple does not rely on mining to produce new tokens, and the currency itself is largely controlled by its creator.

READ MORE: Bitcoin Looking Over Its Shoulder as Cryptocurrency Competition Heats Up


Litecoin was one of the first cryptocurrencies to be introduced into the digital space, created by former Google engineer Charlie Lee in 2011. It is quite similar to bitcoin, as litecoin was actually inspired by it, although its current price is significantly lower than that of its ‘role model.’

Feature Oil & Gas

Iran’s oil sector has greater chance to absorb foreign investment- director of SBI Markets

By Dalga Khatinoglu – Trend:

A senior energy expert believes that despite a huge decrease in global upstream oil and gas sectors, Iran has a better chance of absorbing foreign investments than other oil producers.

Iran has announced that $185 billion investment is needed in its upstream oil and gas sector, as well as $70 billion in petrochemical and $200 billion in optimizing energy consumer sectors to halve its energy intensity, which is two times more than global averages.

This is while, according to OPEC’s estimation, OPEC would need to invest an average of close to $40 billion annually in the remaining years of this decade. This figure was $120 billion in 2014 or three times more than the annual investment amount. However, according to Wood Mackenzie’s estimations, the plunge in oil price since last summer caused the suspension of 46 big oil and gas projects. The worth of suspended projects in 2015 is estimated to reach about $200 billion.

Sam Barden, the director of SBI Markets, an international commodity trading and advisory company which advises governments and private firms on deal financing and facilitation told Trend July 30 that Iran will be more successful than other producers in a low price oil environment, as the availability of cheaply extractable oil and gas in Iran and Iraq, will mean that Iran could indeed receive a disproportionate amount of future investment, as more expensive extraction countries are wound back in favor of investment into Iran.

The cost of oil production in Iran’s onshore sector, which shares 70 percent of total reserves is about $7 per barrel, but regarding the fact that more than 80 percent of Iran’s operative fields are in their second half-life, this figure is high.

Currently, the cost of producing 3 to 3.5 million barrels of oil in Iran’s active fields is $10 billion annually, mostly due to re-injection of 93 million cubic meters per day of gas to old oilfields, while this figure would reach $50 billion in next 10 years.

Iran and P5+1 reached a comprehensive nuclear deal on July 14, but the implementation of this deal depends on Iran-IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) cooperation around some suspected activities. Iran says the sanctions would be removed in four to six months.

While European delegations from Germany visited Iran and delegations from France, Italy, Austria, UK and Poland are to visit this country to discuss economic ties, Iran hopes to attract tens of billion dollars in oil and gas sector.

“There is no doubt that European investment into Iran will be the first, ahead of US. The simple trade will be the exchange of technology from Europe for the opportunity of market share in Iran for European large companies. Given Iran has been “closed” to International investment for so long, there is no limit on which industry’s Europe might want to partner or invest into Iran in. Of course Oil and gas sector will be top of the list, however I would expect European investment into the car industry, for parts and manufacturing, into the airline industry, to begin the long needed upgrade of Iran’s aging jet liners with modern European made passenger jets, into large scale infrastructure such as road and rail, into energy efficiency such as renewable energy or much more efficient gas fired electricity generation, and of course into the banking and stock market services sector generally”, Barden said.

UNCTAD estimated that EU’s outflow direct investments in 2014 was $250 billion.

The director of SBI Markets said that “I think it is hard to estimate how much Iran can absorb (investments). This is where the risk really lies for the Iranian economy, in that a flood of capital could create bubbles in asset classes. I think the key here is how investment flows into the oil and gas sector. If it is in the traditional sense, through banks, then the risk could be increased as the Iranian banking sector is one area which needs modernizing. There are lot of banks in Iran, but not much banking”.

Iran had also defined a long-term (20-25 years) new model contract that it calls its integrated petroleum contract (IPC) to replace the old, less popular buyback agreements to attract foreign companies. However, it’s not clear whether IPC could compete with production sharing agreements (PSA) that is popular with companies, but is banned in Iran.

Responding to a question that “when the European investments can start to flow to Iran?”, Barden said that “when sanctions lift in early 2016. I think the risk to try and invest before is high, however I have no doubt that agreements for deals in the future are being arranged and agreed now”.